David Natali is Professor of Comparative and EU Politics at the S. Anna School of Advanced Studies of Pisa, and associate researcher at the European Social Observatory of Brussels. He holds a doctorate in political science at the European University Institute in Florence. He has been involved in several integrated European projects and networks of excellence. His research is mainly centred on a comparative analysis of social policy reforms, EU integration, industrial relations and the politics of welfare. He teaches on the doctorate programme of the Scuola Normale Superiore (SNS) – Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences in Florence. His most recent publications include: D. Natali (eds.) The New Pension Mix in Europe, Brussels, PIE-Peter Lang, 2017; B. Vanhercke, D. Bouget and D. Natali (eds.), Social Policy in the European Union. State of Play 2016, Brussels, ETUI/OSE, 2016; and A. Agostini, V. Lisi, D. Natali and S. Sabato, Balancing Protection and Investment: Structural reforms in five countries, Brussels, ETUI, 2016.